- Paragraphs’ structure varies according to the culture.
- North american writing style determines very structured paragraphs.
- Formula of a well-written paragraph:
- Opening/ Topic sentence or Thesis statement
- Very general sentence.
- Interesting topic + writer’s opinion about it.
- Catch reader’s attention.
- Details excluded.
- Provide supportive arguments for the topic in a specific order.
- 2 ways of ordering arguments/details:
- Order of importance.
- Chronological order.
- Provide lots of solid, concrete details that explain why the topic is important for the overall idea of the essay.
- Provide reasons that explain why what is being written supports the main idea.
- Provide examples that help the reader to understand the point; real examples if possible.
- Closing sentence
- Restate topic sentence.
- Add something more so as to keep audience thinking.
- Leave some kind of bridge to the next paragraph. If this is not possible, make clear that the idea is finished and start a new paragraph with some bridge to the previous one.
- Academic writing has certain rules to follow:
- When beginning a paragraph, indent or skip a line; never both.
- Develop only one central idea in each paragraph.
- The paragraph can have any length, as long as the writer sticks to the one-central-topic.
- Keep the flow by the use of Bridges, i.e. establish a connection that links one sentence to the following one.
- Avoid repetition, but repeat key terms whenever they are needed.
Academic Writing: An effective assignment
- Different types of assignments depending on the subject:
- Reflective pieces.
- Book summaries.
- Annotated bibliography.
- Other forms of writing.
- Each assignment has different requirements.
- Tips for an effective assignment:
- Understand clearly the assignments’ requirements/criteria.
- Notice the key direction words.
- Read the corresponding module handbooks.
- Check learning outcomes.
- Interpret and answer the question.
- Stick to the set question.
- Features common to all good academic writings:
- Show a range of views or arguments,even those the writer disagrees with.
- Remain objective, showing things from all sides.
- Make a plan before writing, having the title in front.
- Write in chunks.
- Re-read and edit the writing; check whether clarity is needed.
- Go through several drafts before being satisfied with the final product.
- Assignment structure:
- Respect fond and lay-out.
- Link sentences and paragraphs logically.
- Write using formal language with correct grammar punctuation and spelling.
- Use several theories and examples to create a topic discussion.
- Provide correct references according to the chosen style.
Parts of a paragraph - English academic writing introduction. English video lessons. Retrieved on 3
May 2014. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cCuExRE6N-4
Writing skills: The paragraph. English video lessons. Retrieved on 3 May 2014. Retrieved from
Introduction to Academic Writing. Edge Hill University. Retrieved on 3 May 2014. Retrieved from
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